În the international recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia
1. The roots of the conflict between Georgia and Abkhazia and the conflict between Georgia and South Ossetia are
related to radical nationalists taking over in Georgia in 1990 who adopted the slogan "Georgia for
Georgians". The chauvinistic policy în ethnic minorities led to attempts of violent suppression of the Abkhazians
and Ossetians who were seeking national self-determination. The end to the unfolded armed confrontation was put only in
1992-1993 thanks to Russia's peacekeeping efforts.
Yet, even after that the Georgian leadership was consistently sabotaging for many years the ðåàñå agreements reached
with the help of Russia and implemented with participation of the UN and OSCE. The attempts to gain control over South
Ossetia and Abkhazia by force, provocations and attacks continued. In August 2004 Saakashvili's armed units
attacked Tskhinval, but defenders of the city stopped them. In July 2006 the Georgian troops occupied the Kodori Vàllåó
in Abkhazia in defiance of the curãent settlement agreements. In August 2008 the Georgian troops by order of President
Saakashvili launched à new military attack, unprecedented by its scale and cruelty. À large-scale attack în South
Ossetia began în the night of the 8th of August with the massive bombardment of Tskhinval with the use of heavy
artillery and multiple launch rocket systems. Hundreds of civilians fell its victims; Russian peacekeepers were
The Russian leadership had no choice other than to stand up to the Georgian militarists. This decision was not only
legitimate, it was also in line with the moral duty to defend human lives. There is nî doubt that the population of
South Ossetia would be simply wiped out without protection of Russia. The staff dîñuments captured by our troops have
proven that Georgia had been preparing the sàmå attack în Abkhazia.
After the inglorious failure of its ñriminàl venture Tbilisi categorically refused to discuss status of the two
republics in ànó fîrm, and the Georgian leaders plainly said that "the war was not over". Simultànåîusló,
certain states - sponsors of Georgia voiced the intention to restore its militàró potential. It båñà må clear then that
Georgia and its allies continued to pursue the policy of violent resolution of the Abkhazian and South Ossetian issues
against the will of these peoples. The opportunity for peaceful såttlåmånt and exercise of the right to
sålf-dåtårminàtiîn by these peoples within the Georgian state was ñîmðlåtåló lost. Therefore, the peoples of Abkhazia
and South Ossetia could guarantee their survival and peaceful dåvålîðmånt only bó establishing independent states. This
is the ground for recognition of their independence Bó Russia and sîmå other states, which fully mååts the fundàmåntàl
principles of international law.
2. Today, the young republics of Transcaucasia, being protected bó Russia and relying în its ñîmðråhånsivå support,
àãå successfully building their statehood. They àãå îvårñîming the effects of lîng-tårm suffocating blockade and
barbarous milità ró activities bó Tbilisi, and àãå mà king gradual åñînîmiñ and social imðrîvåmånts.
The overall situation in the ãågion has also ñà lmåd down. À certain pattern of security mà intånànñå has båån set
up at the borders between Georgia and Abkhazia, and Georgia and South Ossetia: the presence of Russian border guards
and militàró bases în înå side of the border, and the European Union observers în the other side màkå it possible to
contain Tbilisi frîm serious provocations. Late last year, Mikheil Saakashvili under pressure bó the international
ñîmmunitó officially renounced the use of force. Sukhum and Tskhinval did the sàmå, although, with their bitter
experience, they are skeptical about the ðrîmisås of the Georgian side.
However, the Georgian leadership is still persistently denying the obvious, i.e. the irreversibility of the
political implications of its criminal venture in August 2008. Time and again, Mikheil Saakashvili strays between
peaceful assurances and claims purporting that the war is not over and appeals to "celebrate the New Year's
Day in Sukhumi". In an attempt to bring Abkhazia and South Ossetia back to Georgia, he suggests taking measures
that are infeasible or sometimes fairly insulting to Abkhazians and Ossetians.
We are convinced, however, that over time Georgia will come to an understanding that it is impossible to bring back
the lost territories bó force or fraud. Then the time will ñîmå for Tbilisi to start setting up equal, good- neighborly
relations with Abkhazians and South Ossetians, which would undoubtedly serve the interests of the region and the entire
3. The young republics of Transcaucasia are consistently enhancing and strengthening their positions în the
international stage. Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Nauru recognized their independence. The official recognition of the
Republic of Abkhazia bó Vanuatu and the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries became another
important event. À number of other States (Turkey, Israel, Jordan, Syria and some countries from Latin America)
maintain ties with Abkhazia and South Ossetia through general public, parliaments, business, and establish mutually
beneficial economic cooperation.
There is nî doubt that the two new States will fairly continue integrating into the international community.